What is Philosophy?
When Socrates exclaimed to his incredulous accusers, “I know you won't believe me, but I truly believe the highest human excellence is to question oneself and others,” he captured the spirit of all philosophical effort. Although philosophy has undergone profound changes since his time, it still seeks to come to terms with the questions and issues provoked by every phase of life, and it produces arguments and accounts bearing on every subject worthy of disciplined reflection.
Philosophy addresses questions like:
- Are there limits to what we can know?
- Can we know by reason that there is or is not a God?
- Why should we be moral?
- What is the best model for government and social organization?
- Are our thoughts and actions free or are they determined by prior events?
- Can anything be known?