BIOL-E 111 Basic Biology by Examination I (3 cr.)
Credit by examination for demonstrating an understanding of basic facts and concepts of the lecture content of BIOL-L 101. Credit not given for both BIOL-L 101 and BIOL-E 111.

BIOL-E 112 Basic Biology by Examination II (3 cr.)
Credit by examination for demonstrating an understanding of basic facts and concepts of the lecture content in BIOL-L 102. Credit not given for both BIOL-L 102 and BIOL-E 112.

BIOL-K 312 Immunology (3 cr.)
P: MICR-M 310 with C or better. C: BIOL-K 313. An examination of molecular and cellular immunology, abnormal immune responses, and immunology reactions used in diagnosis.

BIOL-K 313 Immunology Laboratory (2 cr.)
C: BIOL-K 312. Experimental examination of the immune response. Use of the antigen-antibody reaction for diagnostic purposes.

BIOL-L 100 Humans and the Biological World (5 cr.)
Principles of biological organization, from molecules through cells and organisms to populations. Emphasis on processes common to all organisms, with special reference to human beings. Lecture and laboratory. Will not count toward a biology degree.

BIOL-L 101 Introduction to Biological Sciences I (5 cr.)
P: One year of high school chemistry or one semester of college chemistry. Fundamental principles of biology for students considering a biology major or students with high school science background. Principles of biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, developmental biology, animal morphology, and physiology. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL-L 102 Introduction to Biological Sciences II (5 cr.)
P: One year of high school chemistry or one semester of college chemistry. Fundamental principles of biology for students considering a biology major or students with high school science background. Principles of evolution, systematics, diversity and ecology, and plant biology. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL-L 113 Biology Laboratory (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-E 111, BIOL-E 112. Laboratory experiments in various aspects of biology with focus on investigation logic and methods. Introduces aspects of cell-biology, genetics, and evolutionary biology.

BIOL-L 200 Environmental Biology and Conservation (3 cr.)
Study of flora and fauna of Indiana through laboratory and fieldwork. Emphasis on identification, classification, life histories, and habitats of organisms and their conservation as renewable resources.

BIOL-L 211 Molecular Biology (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 101, BIOL-L102 with grade of C or better. Structure and function of DNA and RNA. DNA replication, mechanisms of mutation, repair, recombination, and transposition. Mechaniisms and regulation of gene expression. The genetic code, transcription, and translation. Introduces bacteriophages, plasamids, and the technology of recombinant DNA.

BIOL-L 303 Field Biology (3 cr.)
Recommended: one semester of biology. A summer or intensive course designed to acquaint the student with natural biological interactions in the environment. The course consists of a period of field study in an area remote from the local campus. Orientation before and following course. May be repeated once for credit.

BIOL-L 304 Marine Biology (3 cr.)
Recommended: one biology course. An introductory course for majors and nonmajors involving the study of principles, concepts, and techniques of marine and estuarine biology.

BIOL-L 311 Genetics (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211 with C or better. C: BIOL-L 319. Lecture course on the principles of heredity at the molecular, cellular, individual, and population levels. Credit give for only one: BIOL-L 311 or BIOL-K 322.

BIOL-L 312 Cell Biology (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211 with C or better. Current views of the strucure and function of cellular organelles and components, with emphasis on the flow of information through the cell, the metabolism that supports cellular functions, and differences among different specialized cells. Current techniques will be stressed.

BIOL-L 313 Cell Biology Laboratory (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 312 with C or better. C: BIOL-L 312. Theory and techniques of experimental cell physiology.

BIOL-L 317 Developmental Biology (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 101, BIOL-L 102 with C or better. Analysis of developmental processes that lead to the construction of whole organisms from single cells. Includes the principles of embryology and analysis of mutations affecting development. Credit given for only one: BIOL-L 317 or BIOL-Z 317.

BIOL-L 318 Evolution (5 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211 with grade of C or better. Provides an explanation of the theory of evolution--the conceptual core of biology. Topics include origins and history of life; the interplay of heredity and environment in shaping adaptations; molecular, behavioral, and social evoluton; patterns of speciation, extinction, and their consequences; methods for inferring evolutionary relationships among organisms.

BIOL-L 319 Genetics Laboratory (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 311 with C or better. C: BIOL-L 311. Experimentation demonstrating fundamental genetics mechanisms.

BIOL-L 323 Molecular Biology Laboratory (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211. Manipulation and analysis of genes and genomes. Gene cloning and library screening. Gene amplification and disease diagnosis. Gene mapping and southern blot analysis of complex genome structure.

BIOL-L 341 Natural History of Coral Reefs (3 cr.)
P: 100-level biology course. Introduction to principles of biology, ecology, and geology as applied to coral reef ecosystems.

BIOL-L 343 Applied Conservation Biology (5 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211 with C or better. A course focusing on biodiversity loss and recovery. Lectures introduce concepts such as extinction, climate change, population declines, landscape changes, invasive species, management, and socio-politics of conservation. The applied component is demonstrated by seminars and research experiments that explore current conservation concepts.

BIOL-L 350 Environmental Biology (3 cr.)
P: Junior or senior standing. Interactions of human beings with other elements of the biosphere with emphasis on population, community, and ecosystem levels of ecology. Does not count toward the ecology requirement of biology majors.

BIOL-L 376 Biology of Birds (3 cr.)
Avian systematics, distribution, evolution, ecology, and behavior. Emphasis on identification, communication, and reproductive behavior. Field trips will concentrate on interpretation of behavior and research methods.

BIOL-L 403 Biology Seminar (1 cr.)
P: Junior or senior standing and consent of instructor. Individual presentation of topics of current importance. May be repeated for credit.

BIOL-L 433 Tropical Biology (3 cr.)
Field study topics include plants and animal, their ecology and interactions in rain forests, and the marine/land interface. Projects on particular aspects of areas visited and a detailed field notebook are required.

BIOL-L 440 Introduction to Biotechnology (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 311 and BIOL-L 312 Will cover topics central to biotechnology and the biotechnological industry including industrial organisms, recombinant DNA techniques, protein isolation and assay, genetic and molecular identification of therapeutic targets, intellectual property, biotechnology companies, and regulatory issues.

BIOL-L 452 Capstone in Biology (2 cr.)
P: Biology majors with senior standing. An integrative experience for biology majors.

BIOL-L 465 Advanced Field Biology (3 cr.)
C: Recommended: BIOL-L 473 or equivalent and consent of instructor. Lecures and two to three weeks of fieldwork on various problems of ecosystem structure. May be repeated once for credit.

BIOL-L 473 Ecology (3 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211 with C or better. C: BIOL-L 474. Distribution and abundance of animals and plants; interactions of organism and environment at levels of individual, population, and community from functional point of view.

BIOL-L 474 Laboratory in Ecology (2 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 473 or MICRO-M 420 with grade of C or better. C: BIOL-L 473 or MICRO-M 420. Recommended: PLSCI-B 203, PLSC-B 364, or ZOOL-Z 373, ZOOL-Z 374. Introduction to research in ecology. Field and laboratory techniques in study of distribution and abundance or organisms.

BIOL-L 490 Individual Study (1-12 cr.)
P: Written consent of biology faculty member.

BIOL-L 498 Internship in Professional Practice (1-6 cr.)
Evaluation by employer and faculty sponsor on Satisfactory/Fail basis. Provides an opportunity for students to receive credit for selected career-related work.

BIOL-L 499 Internship in Biology Instruction (3 cr.)
P: Consent of Instructor. An internship for biology majors desiring college teaching experience. Students will be provided training in lecture-laboratory presentations. Each student will present lectures and laboratories that will be videotaped for subsequent analysis and follow-up suggestions for improvement.

BIOL-Z 318 Developmental Biology Lab (2 cr.)
P: BIOL-L 211, BIOL-L 317. C: BIOL-L 211, BIOL-L 317. A laboratory course about developing organisms, with special emphasis on embryology and organogenesis.