There are numerous programs available for students interested in psychology both in the local community and across the United States. The following list is NOT comprehensive.
- Experimental Psychology (Ph.D. and/or M.S.)
There are many doctoral programs in experimental psychology. Each of these programs requires the student to earn both a masters and a doctorate. This typically requires four to five years of education after the bachelor's degree. It is important to realize that most of these programs expect the student to earn the doctorate and not to stop their studies after the master's degree. Most of these Ph.D. degrees prepare the individual for working in the university setting teaching and conducting research. However, many individuals end up working in private settings such as industries or research facilities.
- Learning: This branch of psychology emphasizes principles of learning and focuses on research techniques.
- Sensation and Perception: This area focuses on how the sensory system processes incoming information and how the brain interprets it.
- Developmental: This field focuses on how individuals develop from conception to death.
- Personality: Major focus is on theories of personality development, personality assessment, and the operation of personality processes.
- Social: Emphasis in this field is on studying the impact of interpersonal behavior in a social context.
- Physiological: this field focuses on physiological processes involved in human behavior.
- Industrial/Organizational: Major focus in this area is on principles of human behavior applied to the organizational setting. This field also includes an emphasis on measurement issues and research design.
- Clinical Services
- Clinical psychology (Ph.D.): To become a clinical psychologist you will need to earn both a masters and doctoral degree in this area. Clinical psychologists are able to work in a variety of settings including hospitals, community mental health clinics, private practices, and university settings. Clinical psychologists are trained in research, psychological testing, and therapy, making them somewhat unique in comparison with other mental health service providers. Clinical psychologists may also take a licensing exam in the state in which they practice which enables them to practice independently and to be reimbursed through insurance.
- Clinical psychology (Psy.D.): This degree is very similar to the Ph.D. degree except there is not a research emphasis. Due to the lack of research training, these individuals would not be hired by most universities. This degree is relatively new compared to the Ph.D., also. Due to psychologists' inexperience with this degree and the lack of emphasis on research, there is some hesitancy on the part of many psychologists to fully accept this degree.
- Psychiatrist: This degree requires an M.D. Psychiatrists must complete training in medical school and then must complete at least one year of their residency in psychiatry. Psychiatrists would be most likely to prescribe medication as a major component of treatment for psychological disorders.
- Social Workers (M.S.W.): This degree typically requires two years after the bachelor's degree. This master's degree allows individuals to work as a therapist in varied settings such as hospitals, community mental health centers, welfare offices, or private practices. Training typically does not include extensive education in research or psychological testing. Emphasis of training tends to be on more social influences than traditional psychological studies.
- Masters in Counseling Education: This degree is somewhat similar to the M.S.W. degree in terms of length of training and licensing issues. This degree may also allow the individual to work in school settings as a school counselor. Individuals with both the M.S.W. degree and M.Ed. degree tend to work with less severe psychological problems than clinical psychologists or psychiatrists.
- Applied (Masters)
These programs focus on training students to apply psychology to a specific area.
- Masters in Rehabilitation Psychology: Applying psychology to helping injured individuals reenter the work force.
- Masters in Art Therapy: Learning how to use art as a medium of expression for those individuals who are not able to use traditional forms of expression such as verbal communication (e.g., children).